Automated Vehicles and Liability for Vehicle Defects
Claimants can now invoke the direct effect of Article 3 of the Directive in an ordinary personal injury action against the MIB, see my blogs on the Court of Appeal ruling in MIB v Lewis 2019. See also my New Law Journal articles which predicted this outcome: On the Right Road? in 2013, Putting Wrongs to Rights 2016; State Liability; betwixt and between Brexit in 2017 etc.
This new direct right allows the claimant to cite the wording of Articles 3 and 10 of the Directive as though they were fully incorporated into our national law, word for word, and to plead this in an ordinary civil / tort law action directly against the MIB.